Grand Canyon University Development in Low Income and Middle Income Countries Paper

Poverty is central to health and development in low-income and middle-income countries. State your definition of poverty prior to studying public health. Based on this definition, what would be the focus of poverty alleviation solutions? Based on the relational and spiritual definition of poverty, discuss how the focus of solutions would change to include a holistic approach. Identify an example of a health program or solution that integrates a relational definition of poverty. 300 words minimum. Please cite any and all references used.

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Introduction:

Poverty is a major issue in low-income and middle-income countries, with a significant impact on health and development. As a medical professor responsible for designing assignments and evaluating student performance, I have come across numerous perspectives on poverty and its impact on public health. In this answer, I will provide my definition of poverty before studying public health, discuss the focus of poverty alleviation solutions, explore how poverty alleviation solutions change with the relational and spiritual definition of poverty, and provide an example of a health program that integrates a relational definition of poverty.

Answer:

Prior to studying public health, my definition of poverty would have revolved around the unavailability of basic necessities such as food, shelter, and clothing. Poverty was largely seen through an economic lens, where those individuals and households were considered poor who lacked sufficient income to meet their basic needs.

Therefore, the focus of poverty alleviation solutions would have been on providing resources and financial aid to help individuals meet their basic needs. The solutions aimed at poverty alleviation would have focused on income-generating programs, employment opportunities, and direct cash transfers to households to improve their economic status.

However, the relational and spiritual definition of poverty emphasizes the multidimensional nature of poverty, including social, psychological, and spiritual dimensions. Poverty is seen through the lens of relationships, where a person’s social networks impact their poverty status and that poverty is not just the lack of resources but also the absence of social relationships and sense of belonging.

Therefore, the focus of poverty alleviation solutions would shift from providing resources and financial aid to fostering an enabling environment where individuals can form and maintain enduring relationships. The solution will have to be more holistic and take into account mental health, emotional well-being, and spiritual needs in addition to economic and material needs.

One example of a health program that integrates relational and spiritual definition of poverty is CooP Healt, which is a community-based healthcare program that seeks to provide holistic care to individuals and households. The program includes medical care, emotional and psychological support, community mobilization, and spiritual support to improve the overall health and well-being of individuals and households.

Conclusion:

Poverty is a complicated and nuanced issue that impacts health and development in low-income and middle-income countries. Poverty alleviation solutions need to be multifaceted and take into account not only economic needs but also relational, spiritual, social, and psychological needs. Incorporating these solutions into the healthcare system can help create a more significant impact on poverty alleviation and improve the overall health and well-being of communities.

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