Variations in Approaches to Care

This week’s first discussion forum will focus on immigrants and refugees.

Describe the basic premise of both the community and market-oriented
approach to health care, as highlighted in Chapter 10 of your text. To
what extent is each multidisciplinary? How might each approach help
and/or hinder health care access for immigrants and refugees? What are
ways in which these approaches can promote a culturally inclusive health
care experience for this group? Include a brief analysis of the role
that health delivery models can play alongside these approaches in the
provision of culturally competent care.

Your initial contribution should be 250 to 300 words in length. Your
research and claims must be supported by a minimum of two scholarly
sources beyond your course text.  Use proper APA formatting for  in-text
citations and references

Expert Solution Preview

The healthcare system in any community must be designed to meet the complex and diverse needs of its population, including immigrants and refugees. The provision of quality healthcare services to these groups often requires a multidisciplinary approach that integrates medical professionals with policymakers and other stakeholders. This response will discuss the basic premise of community and market-oriented approaches to healthcare, their multidisciplinary nature, and their effectiveness in promoting culturally inclusive healthcare experiences for immigrants and refugees.

The community-oriented approach to healthcare emphasizes the need to address the social and environmental factors that influence the health status of individuals. This approach recognizes that health outcomes are shaped by the broader community and social determinants, including poverty, racial discrimination, and limited access to healthcare services. The market-oriented approach, on the other hand, emphasizes competition and the role of the free market in ensuring efficiency and quality of healthcare delivery.

Both approaches are multidisciplinary in nature since addressing the complex healthcare needs of immigrants and refugees often requires the involvement of diverse professionals, including policymakers, medical practitioners, and social workers. While the community-oriented approach is more inclusive and holistic, it can be hindered by limited market competition and the absence of proper regulatory frameworks. The market-oriented approach, on the other hand, emphasizes the provision of healthcare services based on the individual’s ability to pay, which can limit access to care for immigrants and refugees who might be uninsured or underinsured.

To promote culturally inclusive healthcare experiences for immigrants and refugees, healthcare organizations must adopt a multidisciplinary approach that integrates cultural sensitivity, community participation, and policy support. For instance, healthcare providers must be trained to interact effectively with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds and provide language interpretation services where necessary. Health delivery models, including telemedicine and community-based healthcare services, also play a critical role in providing culturally competent care to immigrants and refugees.

In conclusion, achieving culturally inclusive healthcare experiences for immigrants and refugees requires a multidisciplinary approach that integrates community-oriented and market-oriented healthcare approaches. This approach should prioritize policy support, community participation, cultural sensitivity, and innovative health delivery models to improve access to healthcare services for these vulnerable groups.

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