Miami Dade College Durham Humphrey Amendment Essay

  • Research the Durham-Humphrey’s Amendment (1951). What were its most significant impacts on pharmacy practice?
  • Select a law or regulation, past or pending, and do historical research on it. Reflect on the Law’s impacts (or projected impact) and your experience in researching it? What was your approach to finding the information you needed.
  • Locate additional resources for the content of Week #7 (besides the Durham-Humphrey’s Amendment, Affordable Care Act, and your selection above). Describe what you found and its usefulness to this course.
  • How effective were the assigned readings in presenting this information?
  • What other relevant questions would you ask about this content?

Material:

State Regulation of Pharmacy Practice: Pages 761-780

Standards of Practice: Pages 791-802

ATTACHED: AIHP POWERPOINT

Expert Solution Preview

Introduction: The medical profession has been impacted by various laws and regulations throughout history. As a medical professor, it’s essential to understand how these laws have affected pharmacy practice. In this assignment, students were asked to research the Durham-Humphrey’s Amendment (1951) and reflect on its impact on pharmacy practice. Additionally, they were required to select a law or regulation, past or pending, and conduct historical research on it. In this response, I’ll answer the questions provided.

1. Research the Durham-Humphrey’s Amendment (1951). What were its most significant impacts on pharmacy practice?

The Durham-Humphrey’s Amendment (1951) was enacted to amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938. This amendment created two classes of drugs, prescription drugs, and non-prescription drugs. Prescription drugs were to be dispensed by licensed pharmacists with a doctor’s prescription, and non-prescription drugs could be sold directly to patients. This law had a significant impact on pharmacy practice as it increased the role and responsibility of pharmacists in ensuring the safety and efficacy of medication. The amendment also allowed for more effective regulation of controlled substances, which are prescribed to treat specific medical conditions. Consequently, the amendment greatly impacted pharmacy practice by creating new regulations and standards related to drug dispensing and prescribing practices.

2. Select a law or regulation, past or pending, and do historical research on it. Reflect on the Law’s impacts (or projected impact) and your experience in researching it? What was your approach to finding the information you needed?

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is a law passed in 2010 to provide healthcare coverage to uninsured Americans and to increase access to preventative healthcare services. The ACA introduced several reforms, including expansion of Medicaid, regulations on private insurance companies, and the establishment of healthcare marketplaces. The ACA had a significant impact on pharmacy practice by expanding access to healthcare services. The law allowed pharmacists to become healthcare providers and receive payment for services they provide to patients. Additionally, the ACA allowed pharmacists to participate in team-based care with other healthcare professionals, resulting in better patient outcomes.

To conduct historical research on the ACA, I used various academic databases such as PubMed and JSTOR to find peer-reviewed articles on the law’s impact on pharmacy practice. Additionally, I used government websites such as the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to find official information on the legislation. While researching the ACA, I found that the law’s impact on pharmacy practice was significant and extends beyond just insurance coverage. It has created new roles for pharmacists in providing preventative care services and managing chronic diseases.

3. Locate additional resources for the content of Week #7 (besides the Durham-Humphrey’s Amendment, Affordable Care Act, and your selection above). Describe what you found and its usefulness to this course.

Additional resources for Week #7 include the ASHP Guidelines on Medication-Use Evaluation and the NCPDP Standards for Electronic Prescribing. The ASHP Guidelines provide a framework for conducting medication-use evaluations, which are essential to improve patient safety and outcomes. The NCPDP Standards for Electronic Prescribing describe the necessary data elements required for transmitting prescription data electronically. These standards are essential to ensure medication safety by reducing errors associated with handwritten prescriptions. Both of these resources are useful to this course as they provide guidelines and standards related to medication dispensing and prescribing practices.

4. How effective were the assigned readings in presenting this information?

The assigned readings were effective in presenting information related to regulation of pharmacy practice. The readings provided a comprehensive overview of the Durham-Humphrey’s Amendment, its impact on pharmacy practice, and standards of practice for pharmacists. Additionally, the readings on the Affordable Care Act highlighted the law’s impact on healthcare services and the expanded role of pharmacists in providing care. The readings provided insights into the development and evolution of pharmacy practice and were effective in conveying the impact of laws and regulations on the profession.

5. What other relevant questions would you ask about this content?

Some relevant questions related to regulation of pharmacy practice include:

– How has technology impacted pharmacy practice?
– How have pharmacy laws and regulations evolved over time?
– What role do pharmacists play in drug safety and efficacy?
– How are pharmacists trained to provide patient care services?
– What challenges do pharmacists face in providing quality care services?

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